ivf with semen and donor ovules

1. What is IVF with ovules and donor semen?

IVF helps you get pregnant simply and safely. Many women have already managed to become mothers thanks to this technique and you can be the next.
IVF with donor eggs and semen is an assisted reproduction treatment that involves the use of a donor’s egg and sperm from a sperm bank for fertilization, which is performed in a laboratory. The embryo obtained is transferred to your uterus, previously prepared.

2. For whom is IVF indicated with donor eggs and semen?

It is recommended to resort to IVF with donor semen and semen in the following cases:

E

Couples in which the woman has some type of problem or abnormality in the ovaries and the male azoospermia problems (absence of semen) or other abnormalities in the sperm.

E

Women without a partner and with a problem in the ovaries who want to be mothers (a semen bank is used).

E

Women with a female partner and with some type of ovarian problem who want to be mothers (a semen bank is used).

Treatment phases

The phases of IVF with ovules and semen from donors are as follows

1. Donor Selection

Donor selection is a procedure that is carried out very rigorously and is perfectly regulated by law. Egg donors must pass a series of tests and complete medical examination to rule out important pathologies that could affect your future baby. All donors have excellent physical and psychological characteristics.

2. Donor Preparation

First of all, to carry out IVF with ovules and semen from donors, you need to synchronize your menstrual cycle with that of the donor, and this can be done with oral contraceptives.

On the other hand, the donor undergoes the same process of ovarian stimulation and follicular puncture as in the In Vitro Conjugal Fertilization.

Ovarian stimulation: Through medication, and for about two weeks, controlled donor ovulation is induced and maturation of its oocytes is also induced. The goal is to stimulate the female ovary to get more oocytes.

Follicular puncture: The donor’s ovules are removed in the operating room through a small intervention of about 10-15 minutes called a puncture.

3. Obtaining the semen sample

The sperm sample for IVF with ovules and donor semen is obtained from a semen bank. This sample contains very good quality sperm, since semen donors must pass rigorous medical checks to rule out pathologies and that the donation process is safe (semen analysis, blood and urine analysis, general examination, study of sexually transmitted diseases and psychological exam).

4. Embryo culture and fertilization

Once the donor’s oocytes have been removed by puncture, the oocytes are fertilized with the sperm from the semen bank.

5. Preparation of the recipient

To prepare your endometrium, you must undergo a simple treatment. It consists of the administration of hormones, estrogens and progesterone, transcutaneously or orally so that the endometrium is in the best condition at the time of transferring the embryos.

6. Embryo transfer

Embryo transfer is the last and decisive step in the process to get your pregnancy through IVF with ovules and semen from donors. It is a crucial phase of treatment, which takes place approximately 72 hours after follicular puncture.

The process is very simple although, like the puncture, it is done in the operating room. The placement of the embryos is done with a specific catheter, made with a very flexible material, so as not to damage the walls of the uterine cavity, and you do not need to be sedated because it is not a painful process.

After embryo transfer, you remain at rest for about half an hour. Then you can resume your daily activity, always in moderation.

The remaining embryos of the process will be frozen, in order not to repeat the process of ovarian stimulation and follicular puncture again in case you do not get pregnant in the first IVF cycle.

7. Post embryo transfer process

About two weeks after embryo transfer, the pregnancy test is performed. Two possibilities are contemplated after embryo transfer:

  • OPTION 1: You get pregnant: IVF treatment with ovules and donor semen has been successfully completed. From this moment, we discharge you and continue with a gynecological follow-up of pregnancy; with our specialized gynecologists from the Oyala Gynecology and Fertility Center.
  • OPTION 2: You do not get pregnant: When the cycle does not end with pregnancy, the most important thing is not to lose hope and keep calm. That you don’t get pregnant in the first IVF cycle does not mean you can’t do it in later cycles. The two options for this possibility are:
    • a. If you have frozen embryos, we perform a cryotransfer, that is, embryos that have been cryopreserved are transferred to your uterus as in the first IVF cycle. It should be mentioned that preparing the uterus for a transfer of frozen embryos is much simpler since it is not necessary to repeat the process of ovarian stimulation and follicular puncture.
    • b. If you don’t have frozen embryos, we make a second attempt or second cycle, starting the IVF process from scratch.

4. Embryo culture and fertilization

Once the donor’s oocytes have been removed by puncture, the oocytes are fertilized with the sperm from the semen bank.

5. Preparation of the recipient

To prepare your endometrium, you must undergo a simple treatment. It consists of the administration of hormones, estrogens and progesterone, transcutaneously or orally so that the endometrium is in the best condition at the time of transferring the embryos.

6. Embryo transfer

Embryo transfer is the last and decisive step in the process to get your pregnancy through IVF with ovules and semen from donors. It is a crucial phase of treatment, which takes place approximately 72 hours after follicular puncture.

The process is very simple although, like the puncture, it is done in the operating room. The placement of the embryos is done with a specific catheter, made with a very flexible material, so as not to damage the walls of the uterine cavity, and you do not need to be sedated because it is not a painful process.

After embryo transfer, you remain at rest for about half an hour. Then you can resume your daily activity, always in moderation.

The remaining embryos of the process will be frozen, in order not to repeat the process of ovarian stimulation and follicular puncture again in case you do not get pregnant in the first IVF cycle.

How many cycles of In Vitro Fertilization can you do?

It is advisable to do up to three cycles of IVF. In Oyala Fertility Center we will guide you in the most appropriate way to perform the following treatment. We will assess how the first cycle has gone and if the assessment is correct then we will advise you to repeat the In Vitro Fertilization cycle.

Oyala Gynecology and Fertility Center

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