FIV with donor-ovodonation ovules

1. What is ovodonation?

Ovodonation is an assisted reproduction treatment where IVF is performed with the particularity that the oocytes used are from a donor and your partner’s sperm.

It is one of the most widely used treatments for couples who cannot produce an embryo by themselves.
The donation is anonymous and the donor will go through very thorough medical checks to make this technique as safe and simple as possible.

2. For whom is IVF indicated with donor eggs?

It is recommended to resort to IVF treatment with a donor egg in the following cases:

E

Women with ovarian problems: primary or premature ovarian failure.

E

Women with ovarian dysfunction and loss of ovular quality.

E

Women with hereditary diseases that can be transmitted to the offspring and cannot be detected by Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis techniques.

E

Women who have had repeated failure of In Vitro Fertilization with their own eggs.

E

Women with severe endometriosis.

E

Women over 43 years old, because from this age the pregnancy rate drops significantly.

E

Cases of repeated abortions.

E

Women suffering from any disease that contraindicates ovarian stimulation.

Phases of IVF treatment with donor eggs

The phases of an IVF with a donor egg – Ovodonation are as follows

1. Donor Selection

Donor selection is a procedure that is carried out very rigorously and is perfectly regulated by law. Egg donors must pass a series of tests and complete medical examination to rule out important pathologies that could affect your future baby. All donors have excellent physical and psychological characteristics.

2. Donor Preparation

First, you need to synchronize your menstrual cycle with that of the donor, and this can be done with oral contraceptives.

On the other hand, the donor undergoes the same process of ovarian stimulation and follicular puncture as in conventional In Vitro Fertilization.

Ovarian stimulation: Through medication, and for about two weeks, controlled donor ovulation is induced and maturation of its oocytes is also induced. The goal is to stimulate the female ovary to get more oocytes.

Follicular puncture: For IVF with a donor egg, the donor’s eggs are removed in the operating room by a small intervention of about 10-15 minutes called a puncture.

3. Embryo cultivation and fertilization

Once the donor’s oocytes have been extracted by puncture, the oocytes are fertilized with your partner’s sperm

4. Preparation of the recipient

To prepare your endometrium, you must undergo a simple treatment. It consists of the administration of hormones, estrogens and progesterone, transcutaneously or orally so that the endometrium is in the best condition at the time of transferring the embryos.

5. Embryo transfer

Embryo transfer is the last and decisive step in the process to get your pregnancy through IVF with a donor egg. It is a crucial phase of treatment, which takes place approximately 72 hours after follicular puncture. The process is very simple although, like the puncture, it is done in the operating room.

The embryos are placed with a specific catheter, made with a very flexible material, so as not to damage the walls of the uterine cavity, and you do not need to be sedated because it is not a painful process. After embryo transfer, you remain at rest for about half an hour. Then you can resume your daily activity, always in moderation.

The remaining embryos of the process will be frozen, in order not to repeat the process of ovarian stimulation and follicular puncture again in case you do not get pregnant in the first cycle of IVF with donor egg

6. Post embryo transfer process

About two weeks after embryo transfer, the pregnancy test is performed. Two possibilities are contemplated after embryo transfer:

  • OPTION 1: You get pregnant: In Vitro Fertilization treatment with donor eggs has been successfully completed. From this moment, we discharge you and continue with a gynecological follow-up of pregnancy; with our specialized gynecologists from the Oyala Gynecology and Fertility Center.
  • OPTION 2: Do not get pregnant: When the cycle does not end with pregnancy, the most important thing is not to lose hope and keep calm. That you don’t get pregnant in the first IVF cycle does not mean you can’t do it in later cycles. The two options for this possibility are:
    • a. If you have frozen embryos, we perform a cryotransfer, that is, embryos that have been cryopreserved are transferred to your uterus as in the first IVF cycle. It should be mentioned that preparing the uterus for a transfer of frozen embryos is much simpler since it is not necessary to repeat the process of ovarian stimulation and follicular puncture.
    • b. If you don’t have frozen embryos, we make a second attempt or second cycle, starting the IVF process from scratch.

2. Donor Preparation

First, you need to synchronize your menstrual cycle with that of the donor, and this can be done with oral contraceptives.

On the other hand, the donor undergoes the same process of ovarian stimulation and follicular puncture as in conventional In Vitro Fertilization.

Ovarian stimulation: Through medication, and for about two weeks, controlled donor ovulation is induced and maturation of its oocytes is also induced. The goal is to stimulate the female ovary to get more oocytes.

Follicular puncture: For IVF with a donor egg, the donor’s eggs are removed in the operating room by a small intervention of about 10-15 minutes called a puncture.

4. Preparation of the recipient

To prepare your endometrium, you must undergo a simple treatment. It consists of the administration of hormones, estrogens and progesterone, transcutaneously or orally so that the endometrium is in the best condition at the time of transferring the embryos.

5. Embryo transfer

Embryo transfer is the last and decisive step in the process to get your pregnancy through IVF with a donor egg. It is a crucial phase of treatment, which takes place approximately 72 hours after follicular puncture. The process is very simple although, like the puncture, it is done in the operating room.

The embryos are placed with a specific catheter, made with a very flexible material, so as not to damage the walls of the uterine cavity, and you do not need to be sedated because it is not a painful process. After embryo transfer, you remain at rest for about half an hour. Then you can resume your daily activity, always in moderation.

The remaining embryos of the process will be frozen, in order not to repeat the process of ovarian stimulation and follicular puncture again in case you do not get pregnant in the first cycle of IVF with donor egg

How many cycles of In Vitro Fertilization can you do?

It is advisable to do up to three cycles of IVF. In Oyala Fertility Center we will guide you in the most appropriate way to perform the following treatment. We will assess how the first cycle has gone and if the assessment is correct then we will advise you to repeat the In Vitro Fertilization cycle.

Oyala Gynecology and Fertility Center

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