ICSI – Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, also known as ICSI is included in the In Vitro Fertilization techniques.
The ICSI consists of microinjection by means of a microneedle of a single sperm, previously selected, inside the cytoplasm of a single ovule, thus intervening more actively on the process of fertilization.
The main indications of the ICSI technique are:
Couples in which the male has a low sperm count, decreased mobility or abnormal morphology.
Patients with valuable cryopreserved semen samples, such as those who have undergone chemotherapy or radiation therapy or have had a vasectomy. In these cases a limited amount of semen sample is available and its use is optimized with the ICSI technique.
Cases in which there is a problem in obtaining ejaculation under normal conditions, such as in cases of retrograde ejaculation.
Cases in which sperm are obtained directly from the testicles through a testicular biopsy.
Cases with prior fertilization failure in conventional In Vitro Fertilization or Artificial Insemination.
Cases in which the male has an infectious disease such as HIV or Hepatitis B or C, as well as infertility of immune cause.
Patients with low response to ovarian stimulation.
Cases in which a Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) will be performed.
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